Twice exceptional children
Giftedness sometimes goes hand in hand with various other disabilities. These kids are called Twice Exceptional: they were blessed with intellectual gifts and are classified as special needs.
A 2e child usually refers to a child who, alongside being considered intellectually above average, is formally diagnosed with one or more disabilities.
The disabilities are varied: dyslexia, visual or auditory processing disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, sensory processing disorder, autism, Asperger syndrome, Tourette Syndrome, or any other disability interfering with the student’s ability to learn effectively in a traditional environment.